3 types of light

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Lighting, like lingerie, is intended to set the mood, and highlight your best architectural features.
In other words, it sets the atmosphere of the room, creates a feeling, and provides accent to style points of the room. (Lighting, luckily, also can disguise a room’s shortcomings.)

There are 3 main types of lighting, general, task, and accent:

1. General Lighting ( some folks call it "ambient")

Is the foundation of any room’s lighting scheme. It's what provides the overall
illumination of a room, enabling the occupants to be able to walk around
the room easily without smashing a toe in to a table.

General lights would be things like: chandeliers, wall or
ceiling fixtures, and recessed or track lighting.

2. Task Lighting

allows a room’s occupants to perform specific activities such as writing, reading,
dressing, or cooking, depending on the room you're designing.
There are a number of possibilities when it comes to task lighting, such as pendant lights, portable , adjustable,lamps, as well as recessed or track lighting.
The important part about task lighting is that it must be bright enough to prevent eyestrain without but not cause harsh shadows.

Accent Lighting

Accent lighting is designed to add drama to a room through the creation of
visual interest. It can be used to spotlight paintings, plants,
sculptures, or to highlight an unusual wall texture or drapery. Accent
lighting generally focuses at least 3 times as much light on the focal
point as the general light in the room, and is usually provided by
recessed, track, or wall mounted lighting.